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Maine Subtractions

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Maine Subtractions

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Line 1. If included in federal adjusted gross income, enter income from direct obligations of the U.S. Government, such as Series EE and Series HH Savings bonds and U.S. Treasury bills and notes. 36 M.R.S. § 5122(2)(A).

Line 2. Enter the amount of any state or local income tax refund included on federal Form 1040 or 1040-SR, Schedule 1, line 1. 36 M.R.S. § 5122(2)(F).

Line 3. If included in federal adjusted gross income, enter the taxable amount of social security benefits issued by the U.S. Government and railroad retirement benefits (tier 1 and tier 2) and unemployment and sick benefits issued by the U.S. Railroad Retirement Board. 36 M.R.S. § 5122(2)(C).

Line 4. Enter the pension income deduction from the Worksheet for Pension Income Deduction, line 7. Include copies of your 1099 forms to verify the subtraction. 36 M.R.S. § 5122(2)(M-2).

Line 5. Non-Maine active duty military pay received by a Maine resident and military compensation received by a nonresident of Maine. 36 M.R.S. § 5122(2)(LL). 

     Maine residents - If included in federal adjusted gross income and not otherwise removed from Maine income, enter the amount of military pay earned during the portion of the taxable year that you were a Maine resident for service performed outside of Maine in compliance with written military orders.

     Military pay is compensation for: (1) active duty service in the active components of the United States Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines or Coast Guard if your permanent duty station during the performance of such service was located outside of Maine; OR (2) active duty service in the active or reserve components of the United States Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines or Coast Guard or in the Maine National Guard if such service was in support of a federal operational mission or a declared state or federal disaster response when the orders were either at federal direction or at the direction of the Governor of Maine. Note: A “federal operational mission” is limited to activity in support of overseas deployment and excludes standard duty activity, such as training and administrative activities.

     Nonresidents - If included in federal adjusted gross income and not otherwise removed from Maine income, enter the amount of military compensation received during the portion of the taxable year that you were a nonresident of Maine. 36 M.R.S. § 5142(7).

Line 6. Military annuity payments made to a survivor of a deceased member of the military as a result of service in the active or reserve components of the United States Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines or Coast Guard under a survivor benefit plan or reserve component survivor benefit plan in accordance with 10 United States Code, Chapter 73 are exempt from Maine individual income tax. The deduction must exclude any amount included in the Maine pension income deduction on Form 1040ME, Schedule 1S, line 4. 36 M.R.S. § 5122(2)(HH).

Line 7. Use this line only if you retired after 1988 and are receiving retirement benefits from the Maine Public Employees Retirement System (MainePERS). Subtract the amount in box 16 from the amount in box 2a on Form 1099-R issued by MainePERS. Also enter on this line MainePERS rollover amounts previously taxed by the state, whether or not included in federal adjusted gross income. Rollover amounts may be subtracted fully or in part during the tax year of the rollover. Any amount not subtracted in the tax year of the rollover may be subtracted within the two years immediately following the year of the rollover. However, the total amount subtracted over the three-year period may not exceed the pick-up contributions previously taxed by Maine. 36 M.R.S. § 5122(2)(E).

Line 8. Enter your share of a fiduciary adjustment (subtraction modifications) relating to income from an estate or trust (36 M.R.S. § 5122(3)). Attach a copy of your federal Schedule K-1.

Line 9. Bonus Depreciation and Section 179 Recapture amounts required to be added to income under 36 M.R.S. §§ 5122(1)(N), 5122(1) (AA), 5122(1)(FF)(2), 5122(1)(HH)(2), 5122(1)(II)(2), 5122(1)(KK)(2) or, for individual owners of certain electing S corporations, §§ 5200-A(1)(N), 5200-A(1)(T), 5200-A(1)(Y)(2), 5200-A(1)(AA)(2), 5200-A(1)(BB)(2), or 5200-A(1)(CC)(2) may be recaptured over the life of the applicable asset.

     For more information and examples, visit www.maine.gov/revenue/taxreturn-forms (select Income Tax Guidance Documents).

Line 10. Enter the amount of medical marijuana business expenses related to carrying on a trade or business as a registered caregiver or a registered dispensary allowable for Maine tax purposes to the extent the expenses were not allowed to be deducted for federal tax purposes under Internal Revenue Code, Section 280E. Also enter your registration number or business sales tax number. Enclose a copy of a pro forma federal Schedule C or pro forma federal Form 1065 or 1120S, including Schedules K and K-1, showing the calculation of the expenses included on this line. 36 M.R.S. § 5122(2)(PP).

Line 11. Net operating loss (NOL) recapture. For Maine tax purposes, taxpayers may, in years subsequent to the year of the loss, deduct an amount equal to the net operating loss carried back for federal tax purposes that was required to be added back to Maine income under 36 M.R.S. §§ 5122(1)(H) and 5122(1)(M), except that this NOL deduction was suspended for tax years beginning in 2009, 2010 and 2011. The carryover period for suspended NOL recapture subtraction modifications is equal to the allowable federal NOL carryforward period plus the number of years the subtraction modification was suspended. Also include on this line the amount of NOL carryforward resulting from excess business losses not allowed to be claimed for Maine tax purposes for a tax year beginning in 2018 or 2019. The deduction may not reduce Maine taxable income to less than zero and must be reduced by any Maine income that was previously offset by the loss in the year of the loss. Individual shareholders of an electing S corporation may also recapture an NOL addition modification claimed by the entity in a year the corporation was taxed as a C corporation. For more information on Maine’s treatment of NOL’s, go to www.maine.gov/revenue/tax-returnforms (select Income Tax Guidance Documents). 36 M.R.S. §§ 5122(2) (H), 5122(2)(P), 5122(2)(V), 5122(2)(W), and 5122(2)(CC).

Line 12. Student loan payments made by employers. If you are a qualified employee for purposes of the educational opportunity tax credit program, enter on this line the amount of qualified student loan payments made directly to a lender by your employer on your behalf to the extent the payments are included in your federal adjusted gross income. Do not include amounts not paid by your employer directly to the lender. Do not include amounts paid that exceed the monthly loan amount that was due (see the Worksheet for Educational Opportunity Tax Credit). Note: You may claim this deduction only if you received an associate or bachelor’s degree after 2007 or a graduate’s degree after 2015 and only with respect to loan payments made during that part of the tax year you were a qualified employee. A qualified employee is a qualified individual (generally, one who has met the graduation requirements of the program, is a Maine resident and who worked for an employer in Maine). See the Worksheet for Educational Opportunity Tax Credit available at www.maine.gov/revenue/tax-return-forms for more information. 36 M.R.S. § 5122(2)(FF).

Line 13. Qualified health care student loan payments. A qualified health care employee (generally, an individual who is licensed as a registered nurse, practical nurse, osteopathic physician, or to practice medicine or surgery and is employed by a hospital in Maine) may claim, to the extent included in the employee’s federal adjusted gross income, the income subtraction modification for student loan payments made by an employer directly to the lender. The modification may not be claimed for any loan payment amounts subtracted on Form 1040ME, Schedule 1S, line 12. 36 M.R.S. § 5122(2)(SS).

Line 14. Municipal property tax benefits for senior citizens. A municipality, by ordinance, may adopt a program that permits claimants who are at least 60 years of age to earn benefits up to a maximum $1,000 (or, if greater, 100 times the state minimum hourly wage) by volunteering to provide services to the municipality. The amount of the benefits received during the tax year are exempt from Maine individual income tax. Enter on this line the amount of volunteer benefits you received, up to the maximum allowed, to the extent included in federal adjusted gross income. 36 M.R.S. §§ 5122(2)(EE) and 6232(1-A).

Line 15. Family Development Account proceeds. Individuals whose family income is below 200% of the poverty level may open a family development account in connection with an approved community development organization. Account balances and withdrawals are exempt from Maine individual income tax to the extent included in federal adjusted gross income. For more information, contact the University of Maine. 20-A M.R.S. § 10983(4).

Line 16. Earnings on funds held in an ABLE savings account. Enter on this line the amount equal to any ABLE savings account income, such as interest, that is included in federal adjusted gross income. 36 M.R.S. § 5122(2)(QQ).

Line 17. Interest from Maine Municipal General Obligation Bonds, Private Activity Bonds, and Airport Authority Bonds. If included in federal adjusted gross income, enter interest from Maine municipal general obligation bonds, private activity bonds, and bonds issued by a Maine airport authority.

Line 18. Amount of the reduction in your salaries and wages expense deduction. A subtraction modification is allowed on the Maine individual income tax return in an amount equal to the reduction in your salaries and wages expense deduction directly related to claiming the federal Work Opportunity Credit or Empowerment Zone Credit. These amounts are reported on federal Form 5884, line 2 or federal Form 8844, line 2. (Owners of pass-through entities, enter your share of the amount from line 3 of these forms to the extent not included on line 2). 36 M.R.S. § 5122(2)(B).

Line 19. Earnings from fishing operations. A subtraction modification is allowed on the Maine individual income tax return in an amount equal to the amount of the reduction in federal taxable income related to vessel earnings from fishing operations that were contributed to a capital construction fund. 36 M.R.S. § 5122(2)(I).

Line 20. Northern Maine Transmission Corporation investment income. The Northern Maine Transmission Corporation is a public instrumentality of the State. All bonds, notes or other evidences of indebtedness issued on behalf of the Northern Maine Transmission Corporation are issued by a political subdivision or a body corporate and politic of the State and for an essential public and governmental purpose. Those bonds, notes or other evidences of indebtedness, the interest on them and the income from them, including any profit on their sale, and all activities of the corporation and fees, charges, funds, revenue, income and other money of the corporation, whether or not pledged or available to pay or secure the payment of those bonds, notes or other evidences of indebtedness or interest on them, are exempt from Maine individual income tax. Enter on this line the amount of income from investments in the Northern Maine Transmission Corporation to the extent included in federal adjusted gross income. 10 M.R.S. § 9205.

Line 21. Maine Waste Management and Recycling Program. Revenue obligation securities issued on behalf of the Maine Waste Management and Recycling Program constitute a proper public purpose and the securities, their transfer and the income from them, including any profits made on their sale, are exempt from Maine individual income tax. Enter the amount of interest income and capital gains from the sale of bonds issued relative to the Maine Waste Management and Recycling Program to the extent included in federal adjusted gross income. 38 M.R.S. § 2218.

Line 22. Income from ownership share in a financial institution. Enter on this line all items of income, gain, interest, dividends, royalties and other items of income of a financial institution subject to the Maine franchise tax that are included in your federal adjusted gross income due to an ownership share in the financial institution that is a partnership, S corporation, or entity disregarded as separate from its owner. Also enter the employer identification number of the financial institution. 36 M.R.S. § 5122(2)(K).

Line 23. Income from depreciation recapture on the sale of multifamily affordable housing property. To the extent not otherwise removed from Maine income, enter the total amount of capital gains and ordinary income resulting from depreciation recapture in accordance with Internal Revenue Code sections 1245 and 1250 realized on the sale of multi-family affordable housing property certified by the Maine State Housing Authority (MSHA). A copy of the MSHA certificate must be attached to the return. 36 M.R.S. § 5122(2)(Z).

Line 24. Maine seed capital credit refundable distributions. Enter the refundable portion of the Maine seed capital investment tax credit allowed under 36 M.R.S. § 5216-B to the extent included in federal adjusted gross income. Private venture capital funds may claim the seed capital investment tax credit and the credit is refundable to those entities. The refundable portion of the credit is excluded from Maine taxable income. 36 M.R.S. § 5122(2)(JJ).

Line 25. Sale of eligible timberlands. A subtraction modification is allowed on the Maine individual income tax return equal to the applicable percentage of the gain from the sale of sustainably managed, eligible timberlands that is included in federal adjusted gross income. Eligible timberlands must be held by the taxpayer for at least 10 years beginning on or after January 1, 2005. Enclose with your return a copy of the written statement from a licensed forester certifying at the time of sale, the sustainably managed eligible timberlands. Use lines 1) through 3) below to calculate the amount of the modification. 36 M.R.S. § 5122(2) (U).

Line 26. New markets capital investment credit. A subtraction modification is allowed on the Maine individual income tax return equal to any income recognized from the new markets capital investment credit that is included in federal adjusted gross income. 36 M.R.S. § 5122(2)(KK).

Line 27. Business interest deduction recapture. The amount of business interest deduction previously disallowed for Maine tax purposes and required to be added-back under 36 M.R.S. § 5122(1) (NN) may be recaptured, up to 25% per taxable year, to the extent that Maine taxable income is not reduced below zero and the amount has not been previously used to reduce Maine taxable income. 36 M.R.S. § 5122(2)(VV).

 

 

 

 


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Views: 1665 Created on: Jun 15, 2013
Date updated: Jan 07, 2022
Posted in: States, Maine

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