Other Subtractions include:
20 Income from Virginia Obligations - Enter the amount of income from Virginia obligations that you included in your federal adjusted gross income. Income from Virginia obligations would include interest on Virginia state bonds or municipal obligations and gains from sales of those obligations that are included in your federal adjusted gross income.
21 Federal Work Opportunity Tax Credit Wages - Enter the amount of wages or salaries eligible for the federal Work Opportunity Tax Credit that you included in your federal adjusted gross income. Do not enter the federal credit amount.
22 Tier 2 and Other Railroad Retirement and Railroad Unemployment Benefits - Enter the amount of Tier 2 vested dual benefits and other Railroad Retirement Act benefits and Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act benefits included in federal adjusted gross income and reported on your federal return as a taxable pension or annuity.
24 Virginia Lottery Prizes - Enter the sum of all prizes under $600 awarded to you by the Virginia Lottery Department to the extent that you included them in your federal adjusted gross income.
28 Virginia National Guard Income - Enter the amount of wages or salaries for active and inactive service in the National Guard of the Commonwealth of Virginia for persons of rank O3 and below included in federal adjusted gross income. This amount may not exceed the amount of income received for 39 days or $3,000, whichever is less. Reminder: This subtraction does not apply to members of the active or reserve units of the Army, Navy, Air Force or Marines, or the National Guard of other states or the District of Columbia. If you claim this subtraction, you cannot claim a Credit for Low-Income Individuals or Virginia Earned Income Credit.
30 Military Pay and Allowances Attributable to Active Duty Service in a Combat Zone or a Qualified Hazardous Duty Area - To the extent included in federal adjusted gross income and not otherwise subtracted, deducted or exempted, enter military pay and allowances earned while serving by the order of the President of the United States with the consent of Congress in a combat zone or qualified hazardous duty area treated as a combat zone for federal tax purposes pursuant to IRC § 112.
31 Retirement Plan Income Previously Taxed by Another State - Enter the amount of retirement income received during the taxable year on which the contributions were taxed in another state, but were deductible from federal adjusted gross income during the same period. The total amount of this subtraction cannot exceed the amount of the contributions previously taxed by another state, usually in a previous year.
34 Virginia529 or ABLEnow Income Distribution or Refund - Enter the amount of any income included in federal adjusted gross income that is attributable to a distribution of benefits or a refund from the Virginia529 or ABLEnow, in the event of a beneficiary’s death, disability or receipt of scholarship.
37 Unemployment Compensation Benefits - Enter the amount of unemployment compensation benefits received during the taxable year reported as income on your federal income tax return.
38 Military Basic Pay - Military service personnel may subtract up to $15,000 of military basic pay received during the taxable year, provided they are on extended active duty for a period in excess of 90 consecutive days. Military personnel stationed inside or outside Virginia are eligible. This subtraction is allowed for military basic pay that is included in federal adjusted gross income and is not included in another subtraction, such as the Virginia National Guard Income Subtraction. If the military basic pay does not exceed $15,000, then the entire amount may be subtracted. If the basic military pay is over $15,000, then the subtraction is reduced by the amount exceeding $15,000. For every $1.00 of income over $15,000, the maximum subtraction is reduced by $1.00. If your basic military pay is $30,000 or more, you are not entitled to a subtraction. On joint returns, each spouse can qualify for the subtraction. If you claim this subtraction, you cannot claim a Credit for Low-Income Individuals or Virginia Earned Income Credit.
39 Federal and State Employees - Any individual who qualifies as a federal or state employee earning $15,000 or less in annual salary from all employment can subtract up to $15,000 of the salary from that state or federal job. If both spouses on a joint return qualify, each spouse may claim the subtraction. The subtraction cannot exceed the actual salary received. If you claim this subtraction, you cannot claim a Credit for Low-Income Individuals or Virginia Earned Income Credit.
40 Income Received by Holocaust Victims - To the extent included in your federal adjusted gross income, subtract any income resulting from the return or replacement of assets stolen during the Holocaust and throughout the time period leading up to, during, and directly after World War II as a result of: Nazi persecution, an individual being forced into labor against his or her will, transactions with or actions of the Nazi regime, treatment of refugees fleeing Nazi persecution, or holding of such assets by entities or persons in the Swiss Confederation.
44 Congressional Medal of Honor Recipients - Enter the amount of military retirement income you received as an individual awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor.
49 Certain Death Benefit Payments - Allows a beneficiary taxpayer to subtract the death benefit payments received from an annuity contract that are subject to federal income taxation, for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2007. In order to qualify for this subtraction, a death benefit payment is required to meet the following criteria: 1) the death benefit payment is made pursuant to an annuity contract with an insurance company; 2) the payment must be awarded to the beneficiary in a lump sum; and 3) the payment must be subject to taxation at the federal level.
51 Gains from Land Preservation - To the extent a taxpayer’s federal gain includes gain or loss recognized on the sale or transfer of a Land Preservation Tax Credit, the taxpayer is required to subtract the gain or add back the loss on their Virginia return.
52 Certain Long-Term Capital Gains - Provided the long-term capital gain or investment services partnership income is attributable to an investment in a “qualified business” as defined in Va. Code § 58.1-339.4 or any other technology business approved by the Secretary of Technology, it may be allowed as a subtraction. The business must have its principal facility in Virginia and less than $3 million in annual revenues for the fiscal year preceding the investment. The investment must be made between the dates of April 1, 2010, and June 30, 2020. Taxpayers claiming the Qualified Equity and Subordinated Debt Credit cannot claim this subtraction relating to investments in the same business. In addition, no investment is “qualified” for this deduction if the business performs research in Virginia on human embryonic stem cells.
53 Historic Rehabilitation - To the extent included in federal adjusted gross income, any amount of gain or income recognized by a taxpayer in connection with the Historic Rehabilitation Tax Credit is allowed as a subtraction on the Virginia return.
54 First-Time Home Buyer Savings Accounts -To the extent included in federal adjusted gross income, an individual may subtract any income attributable to a first-time home buyer savings account that was taxed as interest, capital gains, or other income for federal income tax purposes.
Distributions from a first-time home buyer savings account may only be used for the purpose of paying or reimbursing the down payment and allowable closing costs for the purchase of a single-family residence in Virginia by a qualified beneficiary. The subtractions claimed by an account holder in all prior taxable years are subject to recapture in the taxable year in which account funds are withdrawn for any other purpose.
To claim the subtraction, an individual must designate an account as a first-time home buyer savings account. An individual may designate an account by submitting documentation with their Virginia income tax return for the first taxable year in which such individual claims the subtraction. An individual must submit documentation for each account that he or she is designating. Include the following information:
•The name and address of the financial institution that maintains the account;
•The names of any other individuals with an ownership interest in the account;
•The account number or other account identifier;
•The type of principal (cash or marketable securities) contributed to the account as of the last day of the taxable year;
•The amount of any withdrawals from the account during the taxable year; and
•The account beneficiary or beneficiaries.
After designating an account as a first-time home buyer savings account, the account holder is required to include updated information for the account for all future taxable years in which he or she is required to file a Virginia income tax return. If an account holder has designated more than one existing first-time home buyer savings account, the account holder is required to submit updated information for each account. More information is available in the First-Time Home Buyer Savings Account Guidelines, which are available in the Laws, Rules & Decisions section of the Department’s website at www.tax.virginia.gov.
55 Discharge of Student Loans- Effective for taxable years beginning on and after January 1, 2015, a subtraction is allowed for income attributable to the discharge of a student loan due to the student’s death. For purposes of this subtraction, “student loan” means the same as the term is defined under IRC § 108(f). This is a loan to an individual to assist that individual in attending an educational organization that was made by:
•The United States, or an instrumentality or agency thereof;
•A state, territory, or possession of the United States, or the District of Columbia, or any political subdivision thereof;
•Certain tax-exempt public benefit corporations that have assumed control over a state, county, or municipal hospital and whose employees are deemed public employees under state law;
•Charitable educational organizations, if the loan was made: pursuant to an agreement with one of the above-listed entities; or pursuant to a program designed to encourage its students to serve in occupations or areas with unmet needs, and under which the services provided by the students are for or under the direction of a governmental unit or certain tax-exempt organizations.
This subtraction is not applicable to the discharge of private loans. This subtraction does not apply to loans that are already excluded from federal income taxation.
56 Venture Capital Investment - For taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2018 taxpayers may claim an individual income tax subtraction for income attributable to an investment in a Virginia venture capital account made on or after January 1, 2018, but before December 31, 2023. For the purposes of this subtraction, income includes, but is not limited to, investment services partnership interest income, otherwise known as investment partnership carried interest income. In order for the subtraction to be claimed on the investors’ income tax returns, the fund in which they invest must be certified by the Department as a Virginia venture capital account for the year of the investment. If the fund is approved, a 9-digit certification number will be provided. Enter this number in the space provided beside the subtraction code. No subtraction is allowed to an individual taxpayer: for an investment in a company that is owned or operated by a family member or affiliate of the taxpayer; who claimed the subtraction for certain long-term capital gains for the same investment; or who claimed the Qualified Equity and Subordinated Debt Investments Tax Credit for the same investment.
57 Real Estate Investment Trust - For taxable years beginning on and after January 1, 2019, taxpayers may claim a subtraction for income attributable to an investment in a Virginia real estate investment trust made on or after January 1, 2019 but before December 31, 2024. In order for the subtraction to be claimed on the investors’ income tax returns, the real estate investment trust in which they invest must be certified by the Department as a Virginia real estate investment trust for the taxable year during which the investment was made. If the fund is approved, a 9-digit certification number will be provided. Enter this number in the “Certification Number” space provided by the subtraction code. No subtraction is allowed to an individual taxpayer: for an investment in a company that is owned or operated by a family member or affiliate of the taxpayer; who claimed the subtraction for certain long-term capital gains or Venture Capital Investments for the same investment; or who claimed the Qualified Equity and Subordinated Debt Investments Tax Credit for the same investment. For more information, see the Form REIT instructions.
58 Gain from Eminent Domain - For taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2019, taxpayers may claim a subtraction for any gain recognized from the taking of real property by condemnation proceedings.
59 Federal Partnership Income Subtraction - Income related to a federal partnership audit may be subtracted from Virginia taxable income if the income was previously reported on the owner’s Virginia return. The amount of the subtraction is equal to the federal taxable income that was included in the owner’s Virginia original income tax return but should not have been reported. When claiming this subtraction, include a copy of the partnership’s Form 502FED-1.
99 Other - Enclose an explanation for other subtractions.