File Form 760, Resident Return, if:
- You were an actual or domiciliary (see below) resident for the entire year; or
- You were an actual or domiciliary resident for a portion of the year, but all of your income for the entire year was from Virginia sources.
File Form 760PY, Part-Year Resident Return, if:
- You moved into Virginia during the taxable year and became either an actual or domiciliary resident; or
- You moved out of Virginia during the taxable year and became a domiciliary resident of another state, provided you did not move back to Virginia within six months.
File Form 763, Nonresident Return, if:
You had income from Virginia sources, other than interest from personal savings accounts, interest or dividends from an individual stock market investment, or pension payments from a Virginia payor.
Income from Virginia sources includes:
1. Items of income gain, loss and deductions attributable to: a) The ownership of any interest in real or tangible personal property in Virginia; b) A business trade, profession, or occupation carried on in Virginia; and c) Prizes paid by the Virginia Lottery, and gambling winnings from wagers placed or paid at a location in Virginia.
2. Income from intangible personal property, including annuities, dividends, interest, royalties and gains from the disposition of intangible personal property employed by an individual in a business, trade, profession or occupation carried on in this state.
You are a domiciliary (legal) resident if your permanent home is Virginia. Your permanent home is where, whenever you are absent, you intend to return. Every person has one and only one domiciliary residence at a time. Most domiciliary residents actually live in Virginia; however actual presence in the state is not required. If you have established legal domicile in Virginia, you are a domiciliary resident until you establish legal domicile in another state.
- Members of the armed forces who claim Virginia as their home of record are domiciliary residents, even if stationed outside of Virginia.
- A domiciliary resident who accepts employment outside of Virginia but who does not abandon Virginia as his or her domiciliary residence, even if outside of Virginia for many years, remains a domiciliary resident of Virginia. This includes domiciliary residents who accept employment outside of the United States.
You are an actual resident if:
You maintained an abode in Virginia or were physically present in Virginia for more than 183 total days during the taxable year, even if you are a domiciliary resident of another state or country. If you are an actual resident of Virginia, you may be required to file as a resident in Virginia and in your domiciliary state. In this situation, you should claim a credit on the return filed in the state of your legal domicile for taxes paid to Virginia.
Students: The rules for determining the residency status of a student are the same as for anyone else.