To figure your elected farm income, first figure your taxable income from farm-ing or fishing. This includes all income, gains, losses, and deductions attributable to your farming or fishing business. If you conduct both farming and fishing businesses, you must figure your elected farm income by combining income, gains, losses, and deductions attributable to your farming and fishing businesses.
Elected farm income also includes any gain or loss from the sale or other disposition of property regularly used in your farming or fishing business for a substantial period of time. However, if such gain or loss is realized after cessa-tion of the farming or fishing business, the gain or loss is treated as attributable to a farming or fishing business only if the property is sold within a reasonable time after cessation of the farming or fishing business. A sale or other disposi-tion within 1 year of the cessation is considered to be within a reasonable time.
Elected farm income does not include income, gain, or loss from the sale or other disposition of land or from the sale of development rights, grazing rights, and other similar rights.
You should find your income, gains, losses, and deductions from farming or fishing reported on different tax forms, such as:
2014 Form 1040, line 7, or Form 1040NR, line 8, income from wages and other compensation you received (a) as a shareholder in an S corporation engaged in a farming or fishing business or (b) as a crew member on a vessel engaged in a fishing business (but see Fishing business, earlier);
2014 Form 1040, line 21, or Form 1040NR, line 21, income from Exxon Valdez litigation;
2014 Form 1040, line 27, or Form 1040NR, line 27, deductible part of self-employment tax, but only to the ex-tent that deduction is attributable to your farming or fishing business;
2014 Form 1040, line 43, or Form 1040NR, line 41, CCF reduction, except to the extent that any earnings (without regard to the carryback of any net oper-ating or net capital loss) from the opera-tion of agreement vessels in the fisheries of the United States or in the foreign or domestic commerce of the United States are not attributable to your fishing busi-ness;
Schedule C or C-EZ;
Schedule E, Part II;
Form 8903, domestic production activities deduction, but only to the ex-tent that deduction is attributable to your farming or fishing business; and
Your elected farm income is the amount of your taxable income from farming or fishing that you elect to in-clude on line 2a.
You do not have to include all of your taxable income from farming or fishing on line 2a. It may be to your advantage to include less than the entire amount, depending on how the amount you include on line 2a affects your tax bracket for the current and prior 3 tax years.
If you received certain subsidies in 2014, your elected farm income cannot include excess farm losses. See the In-structions for Schedule F (Form 1040).
Your elected farm income cannot ex-ceed your taxable income.